Jews for Jesus

Watch That Jew Died For YouWatch That Jew Died For YouWatch That Jew Died For YouWatch That Jew Died For You
You are here: Issues Issues Volume 10 Number 4 Comparison Chart: Buddhism, Hinduism, Traditional Judaism, and the Gospel

Comparison Chart: Buddhism, Hinduism, Traditional Judaism, and the Gospel

Comparison Chart: Buddhism, Hinduism, Traditional Judaism, and the Gospel

Theravada Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism Hinduism Traditional Judaism The Gospel
Meaning of birth We are reborn from a previous life until we reach nirvana (extinction of all desire and release from suffering). The cycle of death and rebirth is called samsara. We are reborn from a previous life until we reach nirvana (extinction of all desire and release from suffering). The cycle of death and rebirth is called samsara. We are reborn from a previous life until we realize our "oneness" with Brahman. The cycle of death and rebirth is called samsara. We are made in the image of God and come into the world with the capacity to opt for good or evil. We are made in God's image but come into the world inclined to sin because of the sin of Adam. Redemption is needed.
Way to Truth Follow the teachings of Buddha, e.g., the Four Truths and the Eightfold Path. The written Scripture, the Tripitaka ("three baskets"), includes the teachings of Buddha. Through the study of scriptural texts running to more than five thousand volumes. Spiritual disciplines like yoga enable one to achieve the enlightenment and truth needed. Suffering and samsara result from ignorance of self-truth. Vedas are scriptures that hold final authority. Bible (Hebrew Scriptures). Oral Law provides the authoritative interpretation for knowing how to live. Truth is seen in deeds more than in creed, although a cardinal tenet of belief is the Unity of God. Bible (Old and New Testaments) as divinely revealed. It is final arbiter, although various creeds give expression to its teaching. Y'shua is the ultimate embodiment of truth.
Goal of spirituality Deliverance from samsara through reaching nirvana. Deliverance from samsara through reaching nirvana is not to be sought for the individual alone. Deliverance from cycle of death and rebirth and realizing "oneness" with Brahman. To know God. To serve God and others. To know God. To serve God and others.
Way to spirituality Practice of some disciplines leads to nirvana. No personal God. One can achieve deliverance from samsara and become a Buddhist saint. But this deliverance is only for the few who can attain it. Seeking personal deliverance and assisting in others' salvation. Ideal follower is a bodhisattva, one who forsakes his own salvation to aid others. Salvation is not merited, open to all. Practice of spiritual disciplines such as yoga delivers one from the cycle of death and rebirth by helping one to realize his or her "oneness" with Brahman. Many incarnations and deities may be worshipped. Observance of mitzvot, study of Torah and other holy books leads to blessing in life. Prayer, repentance, and the need to perform the mitzvot with the proper intention or kavannah are also important. Faith in Y'shua as God's requisite for atonement and salvation. Continued spiritual growth and blessing come through living a life of service and love.
Meaning of death Leads to rebirth from which we can be delivered by reaching nirvana. Rebirth is not by chance but is based on the universal law of cause and effect (karma). Differs from Theravada Buddhism in accepting the existence of the individual soul, in which case rebirth is also called transmigration. Leads to rebirth of the soul, or transmigration, from which we can be delivered by realizing our "oneness" with Brahman or ultimate reality. Cessation of bodily life and entrance into the "world to come" or some other place. Cessation of bodily life and entrance into either heaven or hell.
Afterlife Until nirvana is reached, after life is rebirth. Nirvana itself is neither continued existence of the soul nor annihilation. On the way to nirvana, the individual soul may pass through a variety of heavens and hells. Afterlife is rebirth until deliverance is achieved. Then one merges into Brahman, the All. Many beliefs, including bodily resurrection. Few teach of a heaven and hell. Generally, Torah obedience leads to life in the world to come. Bodily resurrection after death and judgment. Heaven and hell are eternal destinies to which all people go based on choices made in this life.

Share this post:

Submit to FacebookSubmit to TwitterShare on Google+

Add comment

  • If your comment does not pertain to this specific article/blog please click here to send us a message. Comments not related to this article will not be posted.
  • We reserve the right to delete vulgar, racist, or hateful content, as well as inappropriate and off-topic posts.
  • For extended discussions, use our forums.
  • Comments are moderated and will not appear immediately.


Security code
Refresh

Comments   

 
0 # Yvonne M. Cortez 2014-01-08 19:23
Dear Brothers and Sisters of Jews for Jesus:
First of all let me tell you that I have a special love for the Jews for Jesus and I enjoy reading many of the articles you have in the internet and the newsletters I receive every month.

Secondly, thank you for explaining the religions comparison chart, it is very wonderful the way you have it broken down, but I would like to know who are the writers involved in this wonderful work. I am very curious and would appreciate very much receiving your reply.

God bless you and thank you kindly.
Yvonne M. Cortez
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
0 # Ajay 2013-01-28 21:21
The Goal of Man is to enjoy God and grow in relationship with Him.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
0 # Raphael 2013-04-24 23:08
That is Righteous & Truthful !
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
0 # Matt Sieger 2013-01-21 21:41
Ajay,
I don't think the chart violates bibliical Christianity. This chart is part of an edition of ISSUES which dealt with Jews who had become Buddhists. The chart is just meant to highlight the differences. I think it is splitting hairs to say that calling Jesus "the ultimate embodiment of truth" is somehow saying He is not the truth. Or to say that we are non-biblical by using the term "spirituality." We are contrasting religions, so we have to seek some common terminology. The reason I quoted James is your statement that "People here seem to understand more of Buddhism and Hinduism than they know about the gospel. They better double check if they have really received Jesus/Yeshua as their Savior and Lord or they are part of 'Jews for Jesus' because it is just another avocation." If by "people here" you mean the staff of Jews for Jesus, then you are judging us.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
+1 # Ajay 2013-01-20 17:06
Yeshua is not just the "embodiment of Truth". But He "is" the Truth. Biblical Christianity is not aptly covered. People here seem to understand more of Buddhism and Hinduism than they know about the Gospel. They better double check if they have really received Jesus/Yeshua as their Saviour and Lord or they are part of "Jews for Jesus" because it is just another avocation.
Remember the Judge who gives the judgement is Yeshua. You have to explicitly mention that.
The "Goal of spirituality" - there's no such thing in the whole of the Bible. In the Bible "spirituality" is not a separate path than an individual takes. It is a separate path in Hinduism but not in the Bible. A man receives the Holy Spirit when he or she receives Jesus/Yeshua into their heart as Lord and Saviour. You are empowered by the Holy Spirit to live life more fully from then on. Christians do not go on a separate spiritual path after they believe and receive Jesus, they become Spirit-filled persons.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
0 # Matt Sieger 2013-01-21 05:17
Ajay,
Do not speak evil of one another, brethren. He who speaks evil of a brother and judges his brother, speaks evil of the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but a judge. There is one Lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy. Who are you to judge another? (James 4:11-12)
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
+1 # Ajay 2013-01-21 21:46
Hi Matt, I'm not talking "evil". Three things I did here: 1. Point out that the content on Buddhism/Hinduism is clear and crisp whereas on Biblical Christianity I find the content a bit incomplete. 2. Exhortation. To check one's own position and standing vis a vis Biblical Christianity. 3. Point out that there's no such thing as a "spiritual path" for true born-again Spirit filled Christians. The God of the Bible comes and takes up home within a believer's heart, so you don't go on a spiritual path as a believer. If a believer is "in love" with Jesus/Yeshua, He goes with him or her wherever he or she goes. There's no separate spiritual path.
None of us is perfect, so it's good to learn from others who walked a bit longer with Christ. Read Proverbs 27:6. I'm concerned that the Truth of Biblical Christianity might be compromised in the above chart.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
0 # Matt Sieger 2013-01-21 21:52
Ajay,
I don't think the chart violates bibliical Christianity. This chart is part of an edition of ISSUES which dealt with Jews who had become Buddhists. The chart is just meant to highlight the differences. I think it is splitting hairs to say that calling Jesus "the ultimate embodiment of truth" is somehow saying He is not the truth. Or to say that we are non-biblical by using the term "spirituality." We are contrasting religions, so we have to seek some common terminology. The reason I quoted James is your statement that "People here seem to understand more of Buddhism and Hinduism than they know about the gospel. They better double check if they have really received Jesus/Yeshua as their Savior and Lord or they are part of 'Jews for Jesus' because it is just another avocation." If by "people here" you mean the staff of Jews for Jesus, then you are judging us.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
0 # Ajay 2013-01-22 19:23
Ok Matt, appreciate what you are saying. Thank you for clarifying. Please accept my apologies, if I offended any of the brothers/sisters at "Jews for Jesus". The Lord bless you.
(I'm just very careful when contrasting/comparin g Christianity with other religions...). Best regards, Ajay
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
-1 # Raphael 2013-04-24 23:02
Matt ,
Ajay has not in any manner speak evil .
Ajay is protecting his FAITH ... In contributing the TRUTH.
I believe Ajay is being Righteous & Truthful in sharing .
All religion are for the good .
No religion makes a person evil . ( if so, no one in good frame of mind will participate ) .
Half Truths are painful & bitter. Some need to work to achieve spirituality , some received as graces directly from GOD.
Only The TRUTH comes from the One who creates The Heaven & Earth .
No one is perfect , all are short of the glory of God!
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
0 # Nicole Czarnecki 2013-02-14 21:05
Ajay, remember the Jesus is literally the Word become Flesh. So, "embodiment" makes perfect sense. Also, the basics are covered here.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
+1 # Anchal 2012-09-05 05:40
I totally agree. It is disconcerting when people try to equate 'mystical' christianity with Hinduism and traditional judaism with buddhism and stuff. The chart makes it clear that the gospels and the prophets present the clearer picture of their beliefs, and which personally know are the truth. The truth has set me free!
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
-4 # phillip stevens 2012-06-13 02:45
what is written about the gospel is primarily incorrect and is an insult to christians i highly disagree
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
+5 # Rich Robinson 2012-04-20 18:59
@Sid, kabbalistic/mystical Judaism does teach reincarnation but that has not been a major part of rabbinic/Talmudic Judaism which is the basis of what we're calling "Traditional."

@Paula, probably we didn't cover Islam because we addressed various religions/movements that Jewish people often participate in. While there are Jews who practice Buddhism or embrace Hinduism, few have turned to Islam.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
-2 # Paula 2012-04-20 00:55
And Islam? Where does that fit in?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
0 # Jeriame Zenzayer 2013-07-21 20:28
If I am not mistaken, they believe in a heaven and hell, but the way to heaven is based upon your good works- prayers, giving alms, repeating the creeds, fasting, making pilgrimages, (the 5 pillars). Basically, your good works must outweigh your bad- and the shedding of your own blood can also grant you access to heaven and the shedding of infidel blood can earn rewards in heaven.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
+1 # Matt Sieger 2012-02-22 17:46
Sid,
I appreciate your comment. Yes, as the chart says, there are many different beliefs in Judaism regarding the afterlife. I guess it is hard to define exactly what constitutes "Traditional Judaism." But, as the chart says, we rely on the Hebrew Scriptures as a basis for truth. I find nothing in those Scriptures that supports belief in reincarnation, but there is certainly support there for a belief in resurrection. With that in mind, I would like to refer you to this article: http://jewsforjesus.org/publications/issues/6_9/resurrection
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 
 
+1 # Sid 2012-02-22 16:35
I'm a little confused about what you call "Traditional Judaism". Traditional Judaism teaches reincarnation as a means to reach perfection. So we actually are reincarnated to make tikkun (reparation) and when the tikkuns of the soul is fully completed we will merit to go to heaven. Tsaddiks already reached perfection so they do not need to be reincarnated. In some occasions traditional Judaism teaches that certain tsaddiks can come back in from of a fish only to do a minor reparation or tikkun. if one does not complete his tikkun after a certain number of reincarnations he is sent to purgatory "Gihenom" to make intensive tikkun there. In other cases criminals or sinners are sent to Olam Tohu, which is a state of mind. In Olam Tohu you are dead but think you are alive, it is a world with people. It only appears that they are people but really they are Shaddayim (demons) which appear as people to torment the sinner. Orthodox judaism is very complicated, not as easy as you mention
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
 

Social Networks

Jews for Jesus Social Networks
Jews for Jesus on Facebook Jews for Jesus on Facebook Jews for Jesus on Twitter Jews for Jesus on Youtube